Everything You Need to Know About Article Writing

Before you can really improve your article writing skills, you need to understand the different facets of writing this genre. Elements make up an article while characteristics identify it from any other genre. As to elements, articles are similar with other writing in paragraph form. What makes writing articles different from the other genres? Find out below.

The Elements

Like any other paragraph-form writing, elements refer to the headline, introduction, body and conclusion. The headline, otherwise known as title, is oftentimes catchy. The headline alone tells the reader what to expect in reading the article.

Introduction sometimes refers to as the lead in news articles, provides a glimpse of the discussion in the body. Sometimes, article introduction starts with an anecdote, especially if it is a feature article.

Article writingThe article body consists of and discusses the information that a reader is looking. Lastly, conclusion summarizes the key points discussed in the body of the article. It may contain a final quote or the opinion of the writer, depending on the kind of article.

The Classifications

Publication articles, web content, journals and professionally written articles are the general classifications of article writing. Articles in publication, the web, and written by professionals are usually short. Journals are longer and may consist of more than 10 pages.

Publication articles refer to content that you read in the traditional way of publishing. News articles, specialty or general interest magazines are examples of publication articles.

News articles generally give information about current events, both local and international. These articles usually answer the what, who and where questions. Throughout the articles, the writer mentions references, which may be the name of the person or the company involved with the event. Newspapers are great sources of news articles.

On the other hand, general interest magazines talk about the general topic. A classic example of general interest publication is Reader’s Digest. Specialty interest magazines are specific and cater to a specific group of individuals. Most often, the topic includes hobbies, personal development for women, pets and sports, among others. An example of specialty magazine is Cosmopolitan. The article writer discusses the topic based in own knowledge or experiences and may or may not mention a specific reference. Articles are generally for entertainment purposes and to promote well-being. 99centarticles will provide all details about  different classification of article writing.

Web content refers to articles published online either in a site or in article directories. These sites publish articles with general or specific topics, depending on the purpose of the site. If it is a business site, expect to read everything about that particular business. Another classic example is a blog site. Web article purpose is to entertain readers and provide general information. Article writing in the web requires short, concise sentences for readability purposes.

Journals are purely for academic purposes. The journals contain specific terminologies that relate and describe the topic. Most often, these terminologies are scientific or clinical in nature. Journals are the product of research. They are published to help improve education and inform scientists about new discoveries. Journal authors cite detailed references in the footnote or endnote and in the bibliography.

Professionally written articles talk about a specific profession and contain terminologies that are particular to the specific industry. Oftentimes, information in the articles is very accurate. Citations are also required. Article authors are industry experts and degree holders of the specific profession.

The Characteristics

An article contains factual accounts about an event or a topic; thus, it must be informative. Since articles inform people, the writer should be objective and use third person point of view. At the same time, articles should also be engaging and interesting to read – from introduction until the conclusion.

Specific to a web article is its optimization quality. Articles contain keywords or key phrases. These keywords help the search engines return relevant articles for the web users. Another unique characteristic of web articles is its structure. Sentences are short and must describe the topic in clear, concise manner.

The Common Mistakes

One common mistake in article writing is using jargons and filler words and sentences. In informative articles, a writer should avoid such mistake as this eliminates the purpose of the article. Another common mistake is using the passive sentence. Passive sentence creates informality and may seem unprofessional.

Redundancy and repetitive sentences are also common mistakes in writing articles. Redundancy refers to the repetition of words that mean the same in one sentence. One classic example is TIN number. Repetitive sentences are reading the same sentence in different paragraphs.

Lengthy paragraphs reduce the readability of an article, so avoid this mistake. Break down the article in short paragraphs, most probably, three to five sentences per paragraph. Lastly, some article writers use too many questions in an article. Readers are looking for answers, not the other way around.

Article writing is not easy. Make it too formal and your article ends up looking like an essay, but if you know the basics, it could be fun and rewarding.

Customizing Your Coins: The Challenge Coin

Custom coins are probably one of the best gift ideas you can present at a wedding or event. They come in all shapes and sizes, as well as designs that are only limited by one’s imagination.

However, not a lot of people know where this idea came from. Historically speaking, coins have always been used as legal tender, nothing else. But that’s not the case. There is a kind of coin that can’t be used as legal tender, but is still dead useful: the challenge coin. Here’s a peek at what could be the origin of all custom coins in existence.

What is a challenge coin?

In today’s world, custom coins can be found everywhere. But as far as the challenge coin goes, it is something that used to be exclusive to the military. A challenge coin is a small medallion or token that signifies someone’s membership to the military or, by today’s standards, an organization.

challenge coinsChallenge coins are typically larger than your average coin, about 1.5 to 2 inches in diameter. They can be rounded, like a regular coin, or they can be made into unusual shapes depending on the one who had them made. Much like regular coins, they’re made from metals like pewter, copper, or nickel. Designs on the coins themselves range from the simple – like a company logo or an organization’s insignia – to something that’s just downright unique.

Where did it come from?

The challenge coin is deeply tied to the military, although its roots are uncertain. There is a story set in World War I that has persisted through the years, which many people believe is the first account of someone using challenge coins.

It tells of a rich American officer giving bronze medallions to his men. These medallions have been struck with the flying squadron’s insignia. The story goes that one of the members of this squadron was shot down and captured by German forces. They took everything that can be found on the young flying ace, aside from the small pouch that he wore on his neck, which contained the medallion.

The pilot escaped his captors and made it to France. Alas, without any formal way of identifying himself, the pilot was thought of as a spy and sentenced to death. The only way the pilot prevented his death was by presenting the medallion given to him by his commanding officer. One of the French soldiers recognized the insignia, confirmed the man’s identity with his Regiment, and was sent back to his unit.

Origins of the actual term “challenge coin,” on the other hand, can be traced back to World War II. A story goes that Americans stationed in Germany took one of the local traditions, a “pfennig check,” and made it their own thanks to their unit’s medallions. A pfennig check involved calling a check for a pfennig, the lowest coin denomination in Germany, and whoever did not have one had to buy the beer. The Americans later evolved it to using their unit’s medallion. A “challenge” was issued by someone holding their unit’s medallion. All members of the unit present at the time are required to show theirs. Whoever doesn’t have their medallion buys the challenger a drink. If, however, everyone challenged was able to show their unit’s medallion, the challenger had to buy everyone a drink.

Since then, challenge coins have made it outside the ranks of the military. Every president since Bill Clinton has had a challenge coin made just for them. Usually commemorative, they are used during events that the president attends, as well as being gift shop items for the general public. An official challenge coin, however, is given by the president himself.

Apart from the president, a lot of organizations have taken up the trend of handing out custom coins. From federal government employees to cosplay groups, custom coins have made their mark not only as awards or rewards for outstanding service; they’ve also kept their purpose as a form of identification and membership.

Hiring the perfect keynote speaker

You want to hire a keynote speaker for your organization or company, but you are still quite unsure as to how you can find the right one. Good news: there are several excellent and professional keynote speakers out there that you can choose from. Bad news: it is hard to choose from them because, again, there are just too many of them.

By default, professional keynote speakers are highly competitive with each other. One will always claim that he or she is the best option, and this can sometimes be crucial to your decision-making. However, this does not necessarily mean that they aren’t really the best resort; it only means that you have to choose the one that will totally fit your needs.

With that said, here are some tips that can help you pick the best keynote speaker for you!

  • Identify first the date as well as the location in which you would want to have your event. This will sort of help you cut down the list of possible keynote speakers for the said event. Of course, if a keynote speaker isn’t available on that schedule, it only means you will not have to choose that person.
  • Consider your budget. Since you will have to pay for the speaker, you have to choose the one that you can actually afford. You will also have to consider the cost of the speaker’s travel, so it is better if you would hire a speaker whose location is relatively closer to yours.
  • Think about why you actually need a keynote speaker. Most organizations hire a speaker because they want them to motivate, educate, initiate a change, promote the organization or the company, raise the funds, entertain, and many more. Identifying your purpose for hiring a keynoter will help you also identify what type of speaker you will most likely hire, which in turn narrows down your list. For instance, if you need a speaker because you want your organization to be promoted, you will then hire a speaker whose expertise include promotion. The speaker has to be engaging enough to catch the people’s attention.
  • You will also need to do some research about some of the potential speakers you have in mind. Look for their professional background and find out whether that they have already been successful in the past. You are looking for the best speaker, after all.
  • Ask for references from your friends or colleagues, most especially if this is your first time to look for a keynote speaker. You can use your networks to be directed to one that you are looking for. If you know someone who has already worked with keynote speakers, you can probably ask him or her to recommend one for you. Likewise, you can also consult the internet regarding this. Be careful when you are looking online, though, because you will most likely encounter fake ones out there.
  • You will also have to think through the demographic characteristics of your audience, for this will also have an impact on what type of speaker is the best for you. Do you want speakers who will most likely appeal to the general audience, or do you need someone who will only appeal to a specific audience segment (e.g. a group of women)? If you think that this particular speaker won’t seem appropriate for your audience, then it is best for you to not choose that speaker.
  • You also need to come up with the decision makers for your program who will plan out the program. Make sure that the vision and plans that the decision makers have are in line with the speaker that you choose.
Author Bio:
Professional keynote speakers are best in speeches and grab attention of audience. They speak smoothly and this will be needed in decision making.

Common Concepts and Terms on PCB Assembly

PCB assembly is perhaps one of the most important technological advancements of the 20th century. For one, the modern and compact gadgets of today would never have existed without the use of PCBs.

Pcb assemblyActually, almost all electronic devices that exist today utilize PCBs for them to function. They are so common and essential that many people are not really aware of the concepts and terminologies used in PCB assembly. This article will enlighten regular folks on these concepts and terms so that they can better appreciate the benefits of printed circuit boards.

PCB structure

1. A PCB is made up of many layers depending on what kind of PCB it is. The three common types of PCBs are: single-sided, double-sided, and multi-layer. The names are based on the number of copper layers it has.

2. Substrate is the main layer located at the center of a PCB. It provides stability to the board.

3. Copper is the most common conducting layer used.

4. Single-sided PCBs have only one copper coating on one side of the substrate.

5. Double-sided PCBs have two layers of copper, usually coated on both sides of the substrate.

6. Multi-layer PCBs have three or more layers of copper stacked in between layers of substrate.

7. Solder mask is the layer on top of the copper. This shields the PCB from oxidation and other contaminants. It also prevents electrical components from short circuiting.

8. Lastly, the outermost layer is a silkscreen, which is primarily used for labeling of electronic parts.

PCB circuit pattern plating

1. The circuit pattern is created on the copper layer using any of two methods: additive or subtractive.

2. In the additive method, copper is directly electroplated on top of the substrate basing on the circuit design.

3. In the subtractive method, the whole surface of the substrate is covered with copper, and then the pattern is made by etching away the parts that are not included in the circuit design.

4. There are many different methods of etching, and one of the most popular is chemical etching, which typically uses a ferric chloride or hydrochloric acid solution.

PCB components mounting

1. There are two methods to mount electrical components onto a PCB: through-hole technology and surface-mount technology.

2. Through-hole uses holes drilled in the board. The electrical parts are made with legs, which are inserted into the holes and soldered on the other side of the board to mount.

3. Surface-mount does not use any holes as the components are directly soldered on top of the board.

4. In a multi-layer PCB, components of the different layers are all linked together using conductor-plated holes called vias.

After all the electronic parts of a circuit are soldered in place, the PCB assembly is now set to be used according to its design.

Common PCB Terms

The following are some terminologies that you will typically encounter when reading about or studying PCBs.

1. Annular ring – a ring made of copper that is placed around a plated hole.

2. Via – a plated hole that goes through in the board. It is used to connect electrical components from different layers together.

3. AutoCAD –computer software used in designing circuits for PCB assembly. CAD stands for “Computer-Aided Design.”

4. BOM – acronym of “Bill of Materials.” It is a list of the electronic parts of a particular PCB design which contains references, descriptions, and/or other special instructions that describe each component. It is typically used for purchasing components.

5. CAM or CAM files – acronym for “Computer-Aided Manufacturing.” These are software files used to create PCBs.

6. Electroplating – The process of positioning a metal conductor on top of a PCB substrate.

7. Slots – are holes in the circuit board which are not circular in shape.

8. Trace – an unbroken path of conductive material.

9. Finger – bare conductive pads found at the edge of a PCB that are used to make a link between circuit boards.

10. Drill hit – the locations on the board where holes should be drilled. It is based on the specified design.

These are only some of the most common concepts and terms when it comes to PCB assembly. You can find out more as you research further.

Dubai Hotel Apartments On the Rise

Dubai has become a central hub for the entire globe as it has been called the gateway between the east and the west.  It has become the center of tourism and trade for almost all nationalities.  Thus, it has become a challenge for the country to provide tourists, travelers and businessmen with residential buildings, which match the needs of the guests.

Hotels in dubaiThere is an 88% hotel occupancy in Dubai, perhaps the largest in the world.  There are hotels, but since 2010, hotel apartments have been on the rise.  Hotel apartments are full-size apartments that come with hotel amenities and facilities.  And most guests prefer this kind of pampering, as life in Dubai is busy and fast.

The popularity of Dubai hotel apartments has boomed over the past years, that searching for one has become easy over the internet.  They are now available in most areas in Dubai, catering to the needs of the traveler.  These hotel apartments provide the traveler convenience because they can be rented for short-term or annual terms.  Another benefit of these hotel apartments is that there are no utility bills and extra charges that need to be settled.  All the expenses involved in occupying the apartment is already included in the bill.  All the facilities are set-up such that it is a hassle-free property where one can easily move in.

Amenities are a given.  Wi-fi is almost always provided for easier communication to people in their homes or offices back in their native countries.  One can cook their own meals inside the apartment, and this is another convenience for the traveler who cannot easily find their food of choice when they travel to other countries.  It is just like being in one’s own home, but in another land, with all the benefits of privacy and the convenience of immediate assistance when needed.

Comfortable accommodationDubai has also become home to more than 2 million people from 200 different nationalities.  It has earned the reputation of being the hottest shopping destination. Thus, there is a need to provide all visitors and travelers with the most comfortable accommodation in Dubai.  Dubai hotel apartments provide a variety of accommodation in different categories and levels.  These hotel apartments offer spacious accommodations with all the amenities required for a comfortable stay.

Hotel apartments now make up a lot of the hospitality market in Dubai, because it has become popular with people from different nations, most especially with those who come from Saudi Arabia, the main reason is that these hotel apartments are generally alcohol-free and this has become the preferred arrangement by observant Muslim guests.

Moreover, Dubai hotel apartments can accommodate the eclectic mix of races that the country receives.  There are hotel apartments near the beach to serve most of the European and British demand.  Establishments located near or downtown welcomes most Asian travelers.

With Dubai becoming the destination of choice in the past years, these hotel apartments will still boom in the coming seasons, along with Dubai’s fast growth in tourism and commerce.  Each year, more and more expats arrive to live and do business in Dubai.  Since it’s the gateway between the east and the west, this has also become the hub for business meetings, where residents of Europe and Asia can meet halfway without literally crossing half of the globe.  Moreover, with impressive shopping and leisure facilities, it is likewise preferred by any resident from other countries.  And the convenience and hospitality that Dubai hotel apartments offer to their visitors also give another plus-factor to Dubai as a destination.

It is no wonder then that visitors and tourists prefer to stay in Dubai hotel apartments rather than the usual hotel.  It’s the comfort of the home, with the first-class amenities of hotels worldwide.